February 7, 2023

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) refers to any type of injury or damage to the brain which results from a traumatic event, such as a fall, car accident, sports injury, or blast exposure. Traumatic Brain Injury can be mild such as a concussion or severe causing a permanent disability or even death.

Causes of Traumatic Brain Injury

A TBI mostly happens as a result of a blow or any other form of traumatizing injury to any part of the body, especially the head. The level of damage depends upon the nature of the injury. The most common causes of traumatic brain injury include:

  • Vehicle collisions
  • Falls
  • Sports Injuries
  • Violence
  • Explosives or blasts

Kinds of Traumatic Brain Injury

A Traumatic Brain Injury can be divided into two main categories:

  • Mild
  • Severe

A mild TBI, also known as a concussion, is a temporary injury to the brain that occurs when the head is hit or shaken. The most common symptoms of a concussion include headache, dizziness, nausea, confusion, and memory loss. These symptoms usually go away on their own within a few days or weeks, but in some cases, they may persist for a longer period of time.

Severe Traumatic Brain Injury can result in more long-term effects, including physical, cognitive, and emotional impairments. Physical impairments may include paralysis, loss of sensation, and difficulty with balance and coordination. Cognitive impairments include memory loss, attention difficulties, and trouble with executive functions such as planning and problem-solving. Emotional impairments can cause depression, anxiety, and personality changes.

Risk factors of Traumatic Brain Injury

People who are at high risk of getting TBI are

  • Children (newborn up to 4 years old)
  • Teenagers and Younger adults
  • Adults 60 years and above

Traumatic Brain Injury is more common in males than females.

When to See a Doctor

If you suspect you or someone else has a traumatic brain injury (TBI), it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible, especially if any of the following symptoms are present:

  • Loss of consciousness
  • Confusion
  • Severe headache
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Seizures
  • Dilatation of pupils
  • Slurred speech
  • Weakness and numbness
  • Clear fluids running from the nose or ears
  • Unequal pupil size
  • Difficulty in staying awake
  • Behavioral changes, such as irritability or restlessness
  • Memory problems
  • Loss of balance and coordination

Kids with head injuries may not be able to communicate properly. So they should be taken to hospitals if they show any of the following symptoms

  • Moods swing or unusual irritation
  • Continuous crying
  • Change in nursing or eating habits
  • Seizure
  • Change in sleep schedule
  • Drowsiness
  • Little to no interest in toys

If these symptoms appear, they may indicate a more serious head injury and immediate medical attention can help prevent potential complications.

Prevention of Traumatic Brain Injury

Improve your balance and prevent falls – a wellness class by Ruchi Chhabria (OHC’s Neuro Physiotherapist)

Preventing TBI is the best way to avoid the long-term consequences of this type of injury. The risk of TBI can be prevented by wearing helmets while engaging in high-risk activities such as cycling, skiing, and football. Additionally, using seat belts and airbags while driving reduces the risk of head injury in the event of a crash.

It is recommended to install safety equipment and maintain a safe environment in the workplace to reduce the risk of falls and other accidents that can lead to TBI.

Limiting exposure to violent media and encouraging safe behavior in recreational activities can also help in the prevention of traumatic brain injury. People should be encouraged to seek medical attention immediately if they suspect they have a TBI.

It is important to take proactive steps to prevent TBI, as the effects of a traumatic brain injury can be devastating and long-lasting. By implementing these preventive measures, we can reduce their risk of TBI and ensure a safer future for themselves and their loved ones.

Osteopathic Health Center is offering a class that can improve balance and prevent falls, click this link to learn more about the class.

Treatment of Traumatic Brain Injury

The treatment for traumatic brain injury (TBI) varies depending on the severity and type of injury. For mild cases, rest and avoiding physical and mental activities are recommended as they may worsen the symptoms. If there is pain, it can be treated with over-the-counter medications. while more severe injuries may require hospitalization and more intensive treatments. The most common way of treating severe TBI is by giving medications to manage the symptoms of pain, swelling, and seizures. In the cases of TBI where there is a need of repairing or removing structural damage, surgery is done.

Other than this, Rehabilitation therapy is done to recover physical, and emotional functions, while cognitive and behavioral therapy is performed to address any emotional or psychological effects of the injury. These therapies help them to regain their abilities and improve their quality of life. In Dubai, Osteopathy Health Center has the best team of therapists to perform rehabilitation and cognitive therapy for patients with severe Traumatic Brain Injury.

Osteopathic Health Center Can Help!

If you are near Dubai and looking for services like neuro rehabilitation, neuro physiotherapy, and neuro physical therapy of patients from experts, contact us through this link. Our treatment plan for Traumatic Brain Injury is individualized, based on the specific needs of the patient and are aimed at maximizing recovery and improving quality of life. You can read more about this service on this page: Neuro Rehabilitation.

TBI is a serious injury that can have a significant impact on a person’s life. While it is important to be aware of the symptoms and seek treatment, if necessary, it is also important to take steps to prevent Traumatic Brain Injury from occurring in the first place. With proper care and attention, many people with TBI can make a full recovery and return to their daily activities.

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